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Blunt chest trauma treatment

Blunt chest trauma is associated with a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Complications in blunt chest trauma develop secondary to rib fractures as a consequence of pain and inadequate ventilation. This literature review aimed to examine clinical interventions in rib fractures and their impact on patient and hospital outcomes The majority of blunt chest injuries are minor contusions or abrasions; however, life-threatening injuries, including tension pneumothorax, hemothorax, and aortic rupture can occur and must be recognized early. This review focuses on the diagnosis, management, and disposition of patients with blunt injuries to the ribs and lung Epidural analgesia is the optimal modality of pain relief for blunt chest wall injury and is the preferred technique after severe blunt thoracic trauma Blunt trauma, also called non-penetrating trauma or blunt force trauma, is an injury to the body caused by forceful impact, injury, or physical attack with a dull object or surface. It is in contrast to penetrating trauma, in which an object or surface pierces the body, causing an open wound. In the United States, blunt trauma as the result of.

Background: Thoracic trauma is the third most common cause of death after abdominal injury and head trauma in polytrauma patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate epidemiological data, treatment and outcome of polytrauma patients with blunt chest trauma in order to help improve management, prevent complications and decrease polytrauma patients' mortality The absence of a clear definition and gold standard for laboratory testing make the diagnosis of blunt cardiac injury difficult. Treatment is tailored to the severity of injury and ranges from EKG monitoring to sternotomy with complex surgical repair An airtight dressing such as tin foil or a plastic sack should be used as quickly as possible to cover any hole that extends into the chest cavity. The injured person should be positioned with the injured side down. The injured person should be given pure oxygen to breathe

Treatments for Blunt Chest Trauma and Their Impact on

Blunt chest trauma can affect various structures within the chest wall and chest cavities. The trauma may directly involve the ribcage, the sternum or the lungs. Contusions, fractures and internal bleeding are commonly seen in association with blunt trauma. A trauma physician or trauma nurse typically treats such injuries Treatment Chest wall injuries are managed differently depending on the severity of your injuries and the symptoms you are experiencing. Some people may require surgery to fix broken ribs and some patients may require chest drains. However most chest wall injuries are managed without surgery and heal spontaneously over a period of weeks

Blunt Chest and Lung Trauma: Diagnosis and Treatmen

  1. Principles of Flail Chest Treatment • A,B,C • Chest Wall Analgesia -Thoracic Epidural -Rib Blocks • Mask CPAP • Intubation and Mechanical Ventilation -Blunt Injury to the Aorta -Esophageal Injury (rare) Title: Chest Trauma Author: William Schecter Created Date
  2. A detailed overview of the assessment and treatment of chest trauma in the pre-hospital environment. This video covers blunt force trauma, penetrating trauma..
  3. How is blunt chest trauma treated? Prescription pain medicine may be given. Your healthcare provider may also recommend you to take NSAIDs such as Ibuprofen. NSAIDs help decrease swelling, pain, and fever
  4. Rapid diagnosis and treatment of trauma, including blunt chest trauma, is more important than other cases. Because in accidents, 50%-60% of deaths occur at the time of accident and 25%-30% occur within the first 24 h.232, 233, 234. The principles of approach to trauma patients should always be applied. In primary survey, airway, breathing.
  5. Blunt injury to the chest can affect any one or all components of the chest wall and thoracic cavity. [ 2] These components include the bony skeleton (ribs, clavicles, scapulae, and sternum), the lungs and pleurae, the tracheobronchial tree, the esophagus, the heart, the great vessels of the chest, and the diaphragm

In addition to direct trauma, rapid deceleration and other mechanisms can cause injury to thoracic structures. Major concerns include chest wall injury, such as rib fractures or flail chest; cardiovascular injury, such as blunt aortic injury (BAI) or cardiac contusion; and pulmonary injury, such as contusions or lacerations Management of chest trauma can be divided into three distinct levels of care; pre-hospital trauma life support, in-hospital or emergency room trauma life support and surgical trauma life support. At each level of care recognition of thoracic injury is crucial for the later outcome

Nonmediastinal Injury . Chest trauma is directly responsible for 25% of all trauma deaths and is a major contributor in another 50% of all trauma mortality. Chest trauma may be blunt (90% of cases) or penetrating. Blunt thoracic injuries are the third most common injuries in polytrauma patients, following those of the head and extremity In the setting of blunt chest trauma with suspected cardiac injury, the American College of Radiology (ACR) has made the following assessments regarding appropriate use of imaging in.. Background/Aim: The thoracic injury and related complications are responsible for upto 25% of blunt trauma mortality. This study is designed to compare these two popular ventilation modes in traumatic flail chest. Materials and Method: A total of 30 patients with thoracic trauma, aged 18-60 years, were enrolled in this study for a period of 1 year

This review examines the effects of blunt trauma to the pediatric chest, as well as its relevant etiologies and associated mortality. Diagnostic and treatment options for commonly encountered injuries such as pulmonary contusions, rib fractures, and pneumothoraces are examined. Additionally, this review discusses rarely encountered-yet highly lethal-chest wall injuries such as blunt cardiac. Non-life-threatening blunt chest trauma is a commonly occurring phenomenon. No clear guidelines exist in the literature regarding the appropriate investigation and treatment, and most clinicians' practice patterns are based on anecdote, individual experience, and the theoretical risk of complications The vast majority of sternal fractures are caused by direct trauma to the chest. This trauma is usually caused by a seatbelt when a person is involved in a car accident

Use a cloth, pad, piece of clothing, plastic, aluminum, or whatever is at hand. If possible, cover two inches beyond the edge of the wound. If blood bubbles up from the wound or you hear air.. Blunt Chest Trauma Samuel E. Greenberg, M.D. Blunt chest trauma principally occurs from deceleration accidents. So falls, motor vehicle accidents and sports are the areas where this type of injury most frequently occurs. There are 5 major injuries that may occur in blunt chest trauma. These may occur singly or i

Occipital Condyle Fracture | UW Emergency Radiologymedical pit stops

Blunt Thoracic Trauma (BTT), Pain Management in - Practice

  1. athan REBEL Core Medical Category: Trauma 1 Comment. Friday, 2300 hours: A 24 year-old woman presents to your Emergency Department after a motor vehicle collision. She was the restrained driver of a car that collided head-on with another vehicle. She is complaining only of chest pain and appears.
  2. Radiologic imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of blunt chest trauma. In addition to conventional radiography, multidetector computed tomography (CT) is increasingly being used, since it can quickly and accurately help diagnose a wide variety of injuries in trauma patients
  3. Blunt Chest Trauma. Blunt chest trauma is a non-penetrating traumatic injury to the thoracic cavity. Thoracic traumatic injuries are classified according to the mechanism of injury as blunt or penetrating injuries. Different structures can be injured including the chest wall (ribs, sternum), lungs, heart, major blood vessels, and the esophagus
  4. or bruising or an isolated rib fracture to severe crush injuries of both hemithoraces leading to respiratory compromise. Multiple rib fractures are often associated with an underlying pulmonary contusion, which ma
  5. The treatment included oropharyngeal intubation and mechanical ventilation, bilateral chest tube thoracostomies, treatment of brain edema and other supportive measures. Our patient's outcome was good. Traumatic asphyxia due to blunt chest trauma: a case report and literature review. Eleni Sertaridou 1

Trauma Center: Treating Patients with Blunt Trauma

Background. Thoracic trauma is the third most common cause of death after abdominal injury and head trauma in polytrauma patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate epidemiological data, treatment and outcome of polytrauma patients with blunt chest trauma in order to help improve management, prevent complications and decrease polytrauma patients' mortality Blunt chest trauma is a sudden, forceful injury to your chest. It is often caused by a car or motorcycle accident, blast injury, or a fall. It may also be caused by a sports injury, such as a hit from a baseball. It may be painful to take deep breaths, cough, and sleep. It can take up to 6 weeks for your injury to heal completely

Lessons from a large trauma center: impact of blunt chest

  1. Blunt thoracic trauma, or chest injury, can have life-altering effects on an individual or even lead to death. Depending on the severity of impact, the incident may or may not require surgery, but treatment in some form or at least assessment and monitoring is always advised. Below are a few variations of blunt thoracic trauma. 1. Cardiac contusio
  2. Chest injuries can result from blunt force trauma or impact to the chest from a fall or car accident. The chest cavity contains vital-to-life organs such as the heart, lungs, and great vessels
  3. A comprehensive patient assessment can help you prioritize treatment goals and stabilize patients for transport. However, knowing the most common injuries associated with blunt chest trauma can expedite the assessment and improve treatment outcomes. Rib Injuries . Rib fractures are among the most common chest wall injuries. Depending on the.
  4. Blunt chest trauma can be a serious yet unrecognized cause of cardiac injury. Non-penetrating chest injuries related to high-speed motor vehicle accidents, falls, crush injuries, or sports can cause structural damage to cardiac chambers and valves, injure coronary arteries, or disrupt the aorta. For example, nearly 20% of traffic-related deaths.
  5. Figure 1: Chest X-ray; left-sided hemothorax after blunt trauma. Blunt chest wall injuries Blunt chest wall traumas may cause hemothorax, pulmonary contusion, pulmonary laceration, traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst, pulmonary hematoma, traumatic asphyxia and bony skeletal injuries. Multiple rib fractures are the most common blunt chest injuries an
  6. Chest trauma is frequently seen in polytraumatized patients and includes a variety of different injuries, ranging from blunt trauma with simple rib fractures to life-threatening injuries such as penetrating cardiac lacerations. Injuries to the chest are still responsible for up to 25% of all trauma deaths and represent a significant contributing factor in the development of organ dysfunction.
  7. in trauma is also discussed as it relates to assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with traumatic chest injuries. Key Words Aortic laceration , Blunt thoracic trauma , Cardiac contusion , Flail chest , Trauma nurse practitioner Author Affiliation: CoxHealth, Springfield, Missouri. The author declares no conflict of interest

Blunt thoracic aortic injury, a life-threatening concern, remains the second most common cause of mortality among all non-penetrating traumatic injuries, second only to intracranial hemorrhage. Kinetic forces from the rapid deceleration are the impetus for the injury mechanism and are graded accordingly. Given the prevalence of trauma as a public health problem, contemporary management. Blunt chest trauma is associated with a high risk of morbidity and mortality [].Rib fractures constitute a major part of blunt chest trauma and each additional rib fracture is associated with an increasing likelihood of developing complications [2,3].Each additional rib fracture in the elderly population increases the odds of mortality by 19% and of developing pneumonia by 27% [3,4] Review. MDCT is highly sensitive for blunt chest trauma and should be used as an important adjunct in the evaluation of patients who have sustained blunt chest trauma. Southam S. 2006. Contrast-enhance cardiac MRI in blunt chest trauma: differentiating cardiac contusion from acute peri-traumatic myocardial infarction. J Thorac Imaging 2006;21(2. Helling TS, Duke P, Beggs CW, Crouse LJ. A prospective evaluation of 68 patients suffering blunt chest trauma for evidence of cardiac injury. J Trauma 1989; 29:961. Bodin L, Rouby JJ, Viars P. Myocardial contusion in patients with blunt chest trauma as evaluated by thallium 201 myocardial scintigraphy. Chest 1988; 94:72 The major reasons for blunt chest injuries are traffic accidents with an incidence of 70-80% [2]. In 68% of our patients, traffic accidents were the cause of injuries. Rib fractures are reported as the most common pathologies associated with chest trauma (35-40%) [3]

treatment, but in many non developed countries emergency surgery is not readily available due to lack of workforce, medical equipment, and lack of safe anesthesia [3]. Blunt chest trauma produces 25% of traumatic deaths; these injuries contribute up to 50% of global mortality caused by trauma. Blunt chest Pneumothorax (Traumatic) Traumatic pneumothorax is air in the pleural space resulting from trauma and causing partial or complete lung collapse. Symptoms include chest pain from the causative injury and sometimes dyspnea. Diagnosis is made by chest x-ray. Treatment is usually with tube thoracostomy Tracheobronchial injury is a rare but a potentially high-impact event with significant morbidity and mortality. Common etiologies include blunt or penetrating trauma and iatrogenic injury that might occur during surgery, endotracheal intubation, or bronchoscopy. Early recognition of clinical signs and symptoms can help risk-stratify patients and guide management Pathophysiology Blunt chest trauma is damage caused to the thoracic cavity or lungs that causes rib fractures or pulmonary contusions. This could also cause pneumo or hemothoraces, which are discussed in a separate lesson/careplan. Rib fractures can cause significant pain, which will impair the patient's ability to breathe deeply. This shallow breathing can lead to [

Blunt Cardiac Injury - The American Association for the

  1. Demetriades D, Velmahos GC, Scalea TM, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of blunt thoracic aortic injuries: changing perspectives. J Trauma 2008 ; 64 (6): 1415 -18; discussion 18 -19. 39
  2. Traumatic pneumothoraces are a common consequence of major trauma. Despite this, there is a paucity of literature regarding their optimal management, including the role of conservative treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the treatment, complications, and outcomes of traumatic pneumothoraces in patients presenting to a major trauma center
  3. al trauma are pain, irritation. The patterns of chest injury are highly dependent on the intensity of the trauma and may vary from harmless

Blunt chest trauma was classified as involving bony chest wall or without the involvement of bony chest wall. Majority of the blunt chest injuries were minor chest wall injuries (68%, 905 patients), 7.6% (101 patients) had major but stable chest wall injuries, 10.8% (144 patients) had flail chest injuries. Thoracic injuries without fractures of. Blunt chest wall trauma accounts for over 15% of all trauma admissions to Emergency Departments worldwide. Reported mortality rates vary between 4 and 60%. Management of this patient group is challenging as a result of the delayed on-set of complications. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a prognostic model that can be used to assist in the management of blunt chest wall trauma To compare patient characteristics, management and outcomes for patients admitted with isolated blunt chest trauma, managed by medical or surgical teams. Methods. We reviewed adult patients admitted with blunt chest trauma between 1 September 2006 and 31 August 2011 to a secondary hospital in New Zealand Significant chest injury is rare in paediatric trauma. Most cases occur secondary to blunt chest trauma, with penetrating injuries accounting for less than 10% or the total reported incidence worldwide. Over a 5 year period to 2007 there were 204 cases of severe paediatric thoracic trauma in Victoria 1 . The most common injuries identified were. Chest injuries can be broadly classified as penetrating or blunt, the latter encompassing direct blunt trauma as well as crush, acceleration or deceleration injuries and blast injuries. An understanding of the specific mechanisms involved in individual trauma patients is important as patterns of injury are produced with significant differences.

Chest Injuries & Trauma: Symptoms, Treatment & Managemen

  1. Hemothorax is a frequent consequence of traumatic thoracic injuries. It is a collection of blood in the pleural space, a potential space between the visceral and parietal pleura. The most common mechanism of trauma is a blunt or penetrating injury to intrathoracic or extrathoracic structures that result in bleeding into the thorax. Bleeding may arise from the chest wall, intercostal or.
  2. Blunt trauma is the most common mechanism of injury in patients with pneumomediastinum and may occur in up to 10% of patients with severe blunt thoracic and cervical trauma. In this case report we present a 24-year-old man with pneumomediastinum due to blunt chest trauma after jumping from a bridge into a river. He complained of persistent retrosternal pain with exacerbation during deep.
  3. History of chest trauma treatment. The oldest medical and scientific document known is the Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus. This is thought to be an undated version of documents prepared by Imhotep around 3000 BC. Greek soldiers in the Trojan War, in the 1st century AD, were removed from the battle field and looked after in certain barracks or.
  4. Indications for MV In patients with chest trauma. -Flailed chest with paradoxical chest movement, ticket via, hypoxemia, hypercarbia. -Pulmonary contusion with tachypnea and severe hypoxemia (PaO2 less than 60 mmHG breathing 100% 02) -Fractures with chest pains acquiring large doses of respiratory depressant pain control
  5. or blunt chest trauma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of emergency physicians in interpreting rib radiographs and to deter
  6. C. Open injuries to the chest are the result of blunt trauma. D. The heart is a special type of strong contractile muscle that is injured by penetrating trauma, but not blunt trauma. A. Cavitation from a bullet is much greater than the size of the bullet itself. Chest injuries can also result in a pneumothorax
  7. A recent study by Nagy et al. 5 evaluated which patients required evaluation for BCI following blunt chest trauma. They concluded that patients with abnormal ECG result or cardiac failure following blunt chest trauma should be admitted to a monitored bed, as 6 of 22 of the patients with BCI ultimately required treatment

What is Blunt Chest Trauma? (with pictures

View Chest Trauma.docx from NURSING 2462 at St. Petersburg College. Chest Trauma Chest Trauma Mechanism of injury o Blunt: Chest struck Decel/acel/shearing compression External minor but interna A spectrum of disease due to blunt trauma to the chest wall. Ranges from cardiac contusion to infarction to cardiac rupture and death. Commotio cordis is sudden cardiac arrest resulting from blunt chest trauma, in absence of underlying cardiac disease. Up to 20% of all MVC deaths are due to blunt cardiac injury Blunt thoracic trauma. The term blunt thoracic trauma or, put in a more familiar way, blunt chest injury, encompasses a variety of injuries to the chest.Broadly, this also includes damage caused by direct blunt force (such as a fist or a bat in an assault), acceleration or deceleration (such as that from a rear-end automotive accident), shear force (a combination of acceleration and.

Blunt chest trauma significantly increases the need for ventilatory support and ICU stay time, when compared with non-chest trauma. It has been shown that unilateral lung contusion has a mortality of 25%, when both lungs are contused this mortality rate increased up to 38%, and reaches 50% if pneumothorax is present Blunt injury of thorax, Blunt injury of thorax (disorder), Blunt injury to thorax, Blunt injury to chest: Spanish: lesión traumática contusa del tórax, trauma torácico contuso, lesión traumática contusa del tórax (trastorno), contusión torácic INTRODUCTION. Pulmonary contusion induced by blunt chest trauma occurs most frequently in the context of polytrauma and plays a key role in the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and sepsis .Blunt chest trauma as part of the injury pattern increases the mortality of multiple injured patients from 27% to 56% .Lung contusion induces severe subpleural, intrabronchial, and. Blunt myocardial injury: definition and treatment-bruising of heart muscle-heart may be unable to maintain adequate bp-suspect in all cases of severe blunt injury to the chest-monitor pulse and bp, provide oxygen, transport immediately. Commotio cordi

a screening test in blunt chest trauma. Helical CT scanning has shown some promising results in confirming the diagno-sis of aortic injury; sensitivities approaching 100% with a specificity of 83% have been reported. Transoesophageal echocardiography, in the hands of an experienced operator, has the benefit of prompt bed-side diagnosis of patients with blunt chest injury could be treated without major surgical operations, more than half of them requires chest tube thoracotomy. Surgical treatment for chest wall stabilization or hemothorax evacuation is only required in a small percentage of patients with blunt chest trauma [2]. Proper management of blunt chest trauma with timel over chest compressions in the trauma patient in agonal or arrest states. * Note: There is an extremely limited role for Resuscitative (Emergency Department) Thoracotomy in the management of the agonal trauma patient as a result of blunt mechanism of injury. The use of this maneuver should therefore be considered contraindicated in this patien Trauma. Blunt chest trauma in a non‐specialist centre: Right treatment, right place? Lesley Maher. Corresponding Author. lesley.maher@waitematadhb.govt.nz; Intensive Care Unit, North Shore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. Chest related complaints are not sensitive or specific to blunt thoracic aortic injury either but should raise more suspicion. Blunt thoracic aortic trauma is associated with other major entities of chest trauma, including, but not limited to, sternal fracture, 1st/2nd rib fractures, clavicle and/or scapular fractures, pneumothoraces, hemothora

Treatment of Blunt Chest Trauma. When it comes to the treatment of a cardiac contusion and cardiogenic shock, time is of the essence. It is important for someone to be evaluated by medical professionals quickly to ensure that fluid building around the heart is quickly diagnosed and treated. This means a rapid echocardiogram and, if necessary. Hemothorax. A hemothorax occurs when blood collects in the pleural cavity. It can occur with both blunt and penetrating chest trauma. Hemorrhage from injury to the lung parenchyma is the most common cause of hemothorax, but the bleeding from such injuries tends to be self-limiting because of the compressive nature of the accumulating blood, the high amount of thromboplastin (a blood protein. Chest trauma can be a result of penetrating or blunt trauma. Blunt trauma, on the whole, is a more common cause of traumatic injuries and can be equally life-threatening. It is important to know the mechanism as management may be different. [2] [3] Most blunt trauma is managed non-operatively, whereas penetrating chest trauma often requires. a blunt injury, such as from sport, or from a punch or kick, or from a fall; a penetrating wound, Treatment of the chest injury will depend on the cause of the injury and how serious it is. The medical team will support breathing and circulation if necessary. You may be given oxygen and intravenous fluids or blood transfusions Abstract. Blunt chest wall trauma accounts for a large proportion of all trauma presentations to the Emergency Departments in the United Kingdom and has a high reported incidence of morbidity and mortality. The difficulty in the assessment and management of this patient group arises from the possibility that the patient may develop potentially.

Managing chest wall injuries - After Traum

Given the rarity of diagnosis and successful treatment of pericardial rupture and associated cardiac herniation, this case provides useful insight into a very unique condition. Due to its difficulty in recognition, pericardial rupture should be considered in all cases of blunt force chest trauma as it is likely lethal if gone untreated The incidence of blunt chest trauma (BCT) is greater than 15% of all trauma admissions to the emergency departments worldwide and is the second leading cause of death after head injury in motor vehicle accidents. The mortality due to BCT is inhomogeneously described ranging from 9% to 60%. BCT is commonly caused by a sudden high-speed deceleration trauma to the anterior chest, leading to a. Blunt Cardiac Injury: spectrum from asymptomatic with minor enzyme rises to fulminant cardiac failure. INJURIES. Cardiac injury. 90% are lethal within minutes; direct impact or pressure transmitted fixed and mobile parts (atriocaval disruptions) Pericardial injury. direct thoracic injury or indirect from acute increase in intra-abdominal pressur

Tension Pneumothorax images, diagnosis, treatment optionsThoracic TraumaPneumomediastinum - Symptoms ,Pictures ,Causes And TreatmentSubcutaneous emphysema

Chest Trauma Treatment: Blunt, Penetrating, Impaled - YouTub

surgical incision, but the most invasive (aggressive) method used in the complex treatment of blunt chest trauma. The objectives of this study were the following: (2) to specify the indications for urgent thoracotomy, regarding . the possibilities of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery; [2] to reveal the main factors influencing outcomes followin Blunt trauma refers to mechanisms causing increased intrathoracic pressure such as car collisions (the most common cause of thoracic trauma) and falls Rib fractures are the most common blunt thoracic injuries. Ribs 4-10 are most frequently involved. Patients usually report inspiratory chest pain and discomfort over the fractured rib or ribs. Physical findings include local tenderness and. Mean hospitalization time was 4.5 days. Mortality rate was 1% for the patients with blunt chest trauma, 4.7% in patients with more than two rib fractures and 17% for those with flail chest. There was significant association between the mortality rate and number of rib fractures, the patient's age and ISS

Myocardial contusion injury (MCI) is a complication of blunt thoracic trauma, which may occur at relatively low velocities. MCI may also occur from chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We review the clinical pathology, diagnostic tools, and treatment for MCI. CPK, creatinine phosphokinase Chylothorax is the accumulation of chyle in the pleural cavity that typically contains a high concentration of triglycerides. Blunt chest trauma is a rare cause. The aim of this study is to review all of the reported cases of chylothorax caused by blunt chest trauma. Available databases were explored systematically for the condition and the eligible papers were included. The literature search.

Great Vessel Injuries: Symptoms, Complications & Treatment

Blunt Chest Trauma - What You Need to Kno

J Trauma Treatment ISSN:2167-1222 JTM, an open access journal OpeOpen Accessn Access Case Report Pneumomediastinum and Pneumoperitoneum after Blunt Chest Trauma: The Macklin Effect Marco Assenza 1*, Fabiola Passafium 2, Lorenzo Valesini , Leonardo Centonze 1, Valentina Romeo and Claudio Modini Blunt cardiac injury is blunt chest trauma that causes contusion of myocardial muscle, rupture of a cardiac chamber, or disruption of a heart valve. Sometimes a blow to the anterior chest wall causes cardiac arrest without any structural lesion (commotio cordis). (See also Overview of Thoracic Trauma .) Manifestations vary with the injury Blunt Cardiac Injury 50-51 Penetrating Chest Trauma to the BOX 52-53 ED Thoracotomy (EDT) 54-55 Hemothorax 56-57 Truncal Stab Wounds (Back, Flank, Abdomen) 58-59 Blunt Abdominal Trauma 60 Blunt Splenic Trauma 61-62 Blunt Bowel and Mesenteric Injury 63-64 Rectal Injury 6

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Blunt Chest Trauma: Practice Essentials, Anatomy

Discussion. Lung laceration due to trauma may result in pneumothorax, haemothorax, contusion, traumatic pseudocyst and massive haemoptysis.2 Blunt chest trauma causes contusion while penetrating injury gives rise to haematoma. Recognition of traumatic lung cysts is important to avoid confusion with other causes of lung masses or cavities as it resolves spontaneously requiring no special treatment Each year trauma accounts for 41 million emergency department visits and 2.3 million hospital admissions across the nation. Simple rib fractures are the most common injury sustained following blunt chest trauma, accounting for more than half of thoracic injuries from nonpenetrating trauma This case report details the presentation, initial treatment, initial workup, and subsequent final treatment and workup of an elderly female patient that arrived at our trauma facility after suffering a blunt force trauma. The patient received anticoagulation therapy for her comorbidities prior to this incident

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Blunt force trauma is an injury that occurs when an object hits or strikes a part of the body. In this lesson, learn about the definition, symptoms, and examples of blunt force trauma A: Chest Trauma • The oldest known medical text for surgical treatment of trauma is the Egyptian Edwin Smith Papyrus in around 1600 BC. In this Papyrus, chest injuries were first described in detail. • About 20% to 25% of all trauma-related deaths, are related to chest injuries. 4. Chest trauma i) Blunt chest trauma • mostly caused by. 1 Introduction. In earlier times, cardiac rupture was the only sequela of blunt chest trauma that received a surgical treatment although the first case of traumatic rupture of mitral valve papillary muscle was reported in 1936 by Glendy and White , but only in 1964 McLaughlin reported the first successful repair of a mitral valve after a blunt trauma in a 7-year-old boy

A 26-year-old suffered blunt chest trauma from a motor vehicle collision. His blood pressure is 90/59 mmHg, pulse is 100 bpm, and oxygen saturation is 91% on room air. His chest radiograph is shown. Besides placement of a right-sided chest tube, what should be the next step in this patient's management? A. Endotracheal intubation B. Alar et al. The effects of AT and CP on the complications of the patients with RF that arise from blunt chest trauma Rib fractures (RF) are the most common complication trauma patients as they occur in 10% of the trauma patients. RF may cause pulmonary contusion hemopneumothorax and pul-monary laceration.[1] Additionally, RF may hinder the respira In trauma, the cause is more often a penetrating rather than blunt mechanism. The wound is often medial to the nipples (for anterior wounds) or the scapulae (for posterior wounds). Tamponade due to blunt trauma involves cardiac chamber rupture, which is typically fatal before patients can be brought for treatment