H.R.2048 - 114th Congress (2015-2016): USA FREEDOM Act of ..

  1. The USA FREEDOM Act of 2015 authorizes an amicus at the FISA Court. • The bill requires the FISA Court to designate a panel of amicus curiae who the court can appoint to assist in particular cases involving novel or significant legal issues. • The bill expands the opportunity for appellate review of FISA Court decisions
  2. The USA FREEDOM Act of 2014 imposes new privacy protections for FISA pen registers. The USA FREEDOM Act of 2014 prohibits the use of unlawfully obtained information under Section 702 of FISA. The USA FREEDOM Act of 2014 extends the June 2015 USA PATRIOT Act sunsets to December 2017, to bring them in line with the current FISA Amendments Act sunset
  3. The USA FREEDOM Act reforms intelligence-gathering programs to enhance civil liberty protections while preserving traditional operational capabilities to protect national security. The Act prohibits the bulk collection of records under Section 215 of the PATRIOT Act; the FISA pen register, trap and trace statute; and the national security.
  4. Shown Here:Public Law No: 114-23 (06/02/2015) (This measure has not been amended since it was passed by the House on May 13, 2015. The summary of that version is repeated here.) Uniting and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights and Ensuring Effective Discipline Over Monitoring Act of 2015 or the USA FREEDOM Act of 2015
  5. USA FREEDOM Act Reinstates Expired USA PATRIOT Act Provisions but Limits Bulk Collection 6/4/2015 Following a contentious debate and passage in the Senate, the USA FREEDOM Act (H.R. 2048) was signed into law on June 2, 2015. The new law contains eight titles, spanning a range of national security topics from reauthorizing expire

The Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. § 552 As Amended By Public Law No. 110-175, 121 Stat. 2524 Below is the full text of the Freedom of Information Act in a form showing all amendments to the statute made by the Openness Promotes Effectiveness in our National Government Act of 2007. All newly enacted provisions are in boldface type The USA FREEDOM Act of 2015 ushered in a wave of new provisions which significantly curtailed the manner in which intelligence was to be collected in the United States. In doing so, President Obama and the United States Congress seemed to heed to demands of privacy advocate In the Senate of the United States, May 14, 2020. Resolved, That the bill from the House of Representatives (H.R. 6172) entitled An Act to amend the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 to prohibit the production of certain business records, and for other purposes., do pass with the followin enforcement with new tools to detect and prevent terrorism: The USA Patriot Act was passed nearly unanimously by the Senate 98-1, and 357-66 in the House, with the support of members from across the political spectrum. The Act Improves Our Counter-Terrorism Efforts in Several Significant Ways: 1. The Patriot Act allows investigators to use the.

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 3 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. 4 (a) SHORT TITLE.—This Act may be cited as the 5 ''Uniting and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights 6 and Ensuring Effective Discipline Over Monitoring Act of 7 2015'' or the ''USA FREEDOM Act of 2015'' The USA FREEDOM Act, H.R. 2048, ends bulk collection, strengthens protections for civil liberties, increases transparency, and prevents government overreach—all while also protecting national security. Here is what some notable organizations are saying in support The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114-23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of the Patriot Act, which had expired the day before. The act imposes some new limits on the bulk collection of telecommunication metadata on U.S. citizens by American intelligence agencies, including the National Security Agency

Is America Safer? The USA FREEDOM Act of 2015 and What the

H.R.6172 - USA FREEDOM Reauthorization Act of 2020 116th ..

USA FREEDOM Act of 2015 (2015; 114th Congress H

government had operated under the then-existing version of Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act. (U) At the same time, the USA Freedom Act allows the government to obtain CDRs on a broader basis than other business records authorized for collection under the Act. Put simply, it authorizes the government to collect CDRs within two hops— e.g USA PATRIOT Act, while preserving key capabilities and strengthening privacy protections. That approach was enshrined in the USA FREEDOM Act of 2015, which directs that the United States Government will no longer collect telephony metadata records in bulk under Section 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act, including records of both U.S. and non-U.S. persons the USA FREEDOM Act results will be able to use the results for analysis related to a foreign power, or an agent of a foreign power, engaged in international terrorism or activities in preparation therefore. Dissemination of U.S. person information must be for a counterterroris EPIC Statement 2 USA FREEDOM Act Senate Judiciary Committee November 5, 2019 collected.4 5Related litigation uncovered additional compliance concerns. As the NSA itself has stated: Executive Order 12333, as amended, requires Intelligence Community element

USA Freedom Act - Wikipedi

Prepared by the House Judiciary Committee Democratic Staff 5/2015 Support H.R. 2048, the USA FREEDOM Act Ends bulk collection and protects national security Bipartisan: The USA FREEDOM Act has overwhelming bipartisan support in both the House Judiciary and Intelligence Committees USA Freedom creates a panel of experts to file amicus briefs in this way. That list exhausts the main substantive provisions of the USA Freedom Act, suggesting that the Review Group report played a constructive role in crystallizing specific reforms that could eventually make it through the legislative process. As I hav Act, two things have become apparent. One, the reforms in the . USA Freedom Act did not go far enough to protect Americans' rights. And, two, many of the reforms in the USA Freedom Act. are not working as intended. On December 15, 2019, Section 215 and other provisions of the Patriot Act extended by . the USA Freedom Act are once again set to. The Weakened USA FREEDOM Act Author: Kevin Bankston Created Date: 5/21/2014 6:51:58 PM. Support for USA Freedom Act Amendments An Open Letter to the United States Senate: The Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association (FLEOA) is the largest nonpartisan, nonprofit law enforcement association representing over 26,000 federal law enforcement officers from the 65 federal agencies

116th CONGRESS. 2d Session. H.R. 6172. In the Senate of the United States, May 14, 2020. Amendments: That the bill from the House of Representatives (H.R. 6172) entitled An Act to amend the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 to prohibit the production of certain business records, and for other purposes., do pass with the following (1 The USA Freedom Act's predecessor, the USA Patriot Act, actually allowed government surveillance agencies, such as the NSA, to force large tech companies to be quiet about warrants for ongoing investigations. Fortunately, the USA Freedom Act has removed such provisions from the legislation

CDRs collected under USA FREEDOM Act in 2016, 2017, and 2018, and possible reasons for the purge. This Article also shows how changes in technology and communication methods and the foreign-terrorist threat have sharply lessened the value of the CDR program and made its use largely unnecessary Strengthen the USA Freedom Act May 19, 2015 As the Senate considers the USA Freedom Act this week, policymakers should strengthen it by limiting large-scale collection of records and reinforcing. Congress enacted the USA FREEDOM Act, which narrowed Section 215 and FISA's PR/TT authority, and provided express authority for the FISC to appoint amici curiae to supplement its normally ex parte proceedings. Other major changes to FISA include the FISA Amendments Act of 2008 (FAA), codified as Title VII of FISA

The USA FREEDOM Reauthorization Act of 2020 Section-by-Section Title I—FISA Business Records Sec. 101 Repeals the authority to collect call detail records on an ongoing basis and up to two hops from the target. Sec. 102 Prohibits the use of Section 215 to collect any records or information i Reauthorizing the USA FREEDOM Act of 2015 November 6, 2019 I. Introduction Chairman Graham, Ranking Member Feinstein, and Members of the Committee, thank you for inviting me to discuss foreign intelligence collection under the USA Freedom Act and, in particular, the call data records (CDR) program The New York Time

The USA Freedom Act was designed to reform the Patriot Act and limit large-scale phone record collection, following leaks from NSA contractor Edward Snowden in 2013. But surveillance critics. monitoring (usa freedom) act of 2015 (sensenbrenner, r-wi) contact: matt dickerson, matthew.dickerson@mail.house.gov, 6-9718 floor schedule: h.r. 2048 is expected to be considered on may 13, 2015, under closed rule. the rule also provides a closed rule for h.r. 36, pain-capable unborn child protection act, and for one hour of genera

1 !!! TheUSAFREEDOM!Act!(H.R.!3361),aspassedbytheU.S.House 1!! Summary!&Analysis!! Jun.3,2014!!! I.! OVERVIEW!OF!MAJOR!REFORMS!INH.R.3361! 1) Limitsonbulk!collection. If these authorities of FISA lapse, the United States intelligence surveillance programs would mostly revert to their pre-9/11 status, reducing the federal government's powers to investigate terrorism. Floor Situation: On March 11, 2020, the House of Representatives passed H.R.6172 - the USA FREEDOM Reauthorization Act - by a vote of 278.

FACT SHEET: Implementation of the USA FREEDOM Act of 201

THE USA FREEDOM Act: S.1599 & H.R. 3361 ALA's position: • ALA asks Congress to co-sponsor and support the USA FREEDOM Act (H.R. 3361/S.1599).These bills represent a bipartisan, bicameral effort to reform the government's surveillance authority and end the bulk collection of American' H.R. 3361 - USA FREEDOM Act H.R.3361 - USA FREEDOM Act (Sensenbrenner, R-WI) Order of Business: H.R. 3530 is scheduled to be considered on May 22, 2014, subject to a closed rule. Summary: The bill amends the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) (FISA) on H.R 6172, the USA FREEDOM Reauthorization Act of 2020. The ACLU will score this vote. Congress has had over four years to consider provisions of the Patriot Act set to expire on March 15, 2020. Despite this, H.R. 6172 is being jammed through without any opportunity for amendments, no markup, and limited debate The Senate on Tuesday advanced the USA Freedom Act, a bill reauthorizing parts of the USA Patriot Act but dissolving its notorious bulk data collection of Americans' phone records and Internet.

Act with regards to the privacy of United States residents. The USA FREEDOM Act of 2015 was created as a means of extending many of the national security powers granted in the USA PATRIOT Act of 2001, while making modifications to deal with public demands for increase USA Patriot Act Sunset: Provisions That Expire on December 31, 2005, updated June 29, 2005; USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: A Sketch, updated June 29, 2005; Analysis of S. 1709: the Security and Freedom Ensured Act of 2003 (SAFE Act), to amend the Patriot Act, February 19, 2004; The USA PATRIOT Act: A Sketch, April 18, 200 FREEDOM Act, which placed new limitations on the scope of the government's foreign intelligence activities, while simultaneously extending the expired provisions through December 15, 2019. 12 In December 2019, Congress extended the three provisions, as amended by the USA The USA FREEDOM Act, introduced Tuesday by Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-Vermont), would change federal laws which allow agencies like the National Security Agency to surveil American citizens and foreign diplomats. Here is an overview of what the proposed USA FREEDOM Act would do: Limiting Surveillance on U.S. Soi Surveillance Act authorities and participated in the negotiating and drafting the Act. The USA FREEDOM Act, 1. signed into law by President Obama on June 2, 2015, is one of those rare examples of bipartisan, bicameral legislation painstakingly negotiated in close coordination with multiple executive branch agencies over a series of months

The Freedom Act is an attempt to revise the Patriot Act, which was enacted in the wake of the 2001 anthrax attacks and meant to combat terrorism. The Patriot Act never netted a terrorist, but the. • The USA Freedom Act CDR program cost the government approximately $100 million. Under the program, NSA produced 15 intelligence reports. • Of the 15 reports citing USA Freedom Act CDRs, the FBI received unique information from two of the intelligence reports A bipartisan group of congressional leaders has reintroduced the USA Freedom Act. The bill is an attempt to rein in the intelligence community's Collect It All strategy, and passing USA Freedom is a first, small step in the right direction.However, it has serious faults that should be addressed Carpenter v. United States modified the third-party doctrine with respect to the collection of cell-site location information in criminal investigations, but otherwise confirmed that Smith remains the law. Notably, the USA Freedom Act bars the government from using the CDR authority to collect cell-site location information or GPS information Ed Ferrara is a principal analyst at Forrester Research, where he serves security and risk professionals. The Freedom Act adds a higher burden of proof for agencies seeking to place a U.S. citizen.

Download the PDF here. The FBI and NSA use Section 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act to collect vast amounts of information about people in the United States without a warrant. In 2018, under only one of two Section 215 provisions, the government collected 434,238,543 call records. That program, like its predecessors, was shuttered due to unlawful. The USA FREEDOM Act, which was enacted in June 2015 and became effective on November 29, 2015, made significant changes to NSA's authority in this regard. This report summarizes LPO's assessment and its underlying analysis of how this new authority is being implemented Act, two things have become apparent. One, the reforms in the USA Freedom Act did not go far enough to protect Americans' rights. And, two, many of the reforms in the USA Freedom Act are not working as intended. On December 15, 2019, Section 215 and other provisions of the Patriot Act extended by the USA Freedom Act are once again set to expire The USA FREEDOM Act of 2015 prohibited the untargeted collection of all records of all customers (i.e., 'bulk' collection), instituted certain transparency requirements, extended Section 215's sunset to December 15, 2019, and for the first time expressly permitted the programmatic collection of records up to two degrees away from a target

U.S. Senator Patrick Leahy of Vermon

USA Patriot Act (PDF) Aug. 12, 2003 American Library Association USA Patriot Act Overview, United States Department of Justice, July30, 2003. The USA Patriot Act USA Patriot Act & Intellectual Freedom - A Power Point presentation by Carrie Lybecker, Liza Rognas, and Carlos Diaz of Evergreen State College.. Comparison of 2014 and 2015 versions of the USA FREEDOM Act April 28, 2015 CDT supports the newly introduced USA FREEDOM Act of 2015 (H.R. 2048 and S. 1123). The USA FREEDOM Act of 2015 makes significant improvements to the 2014 House-passed version, which CDT did not support. However, the USA FREEDOM Act of 2015 is weaker in some areas than The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) is a Federal law that gives any person, including U.S. citizens, foreign nationals, organizations, associations, and universities the right to obtain information from a Federal Government Agency (codified at 5 U.S.C. Section 552) The government appealed -- and while that appeal was going on, Congress passed the USA Freedom Act, which included some modifications to the NSL provisions in the PATRIOT Act. Based on that, the.

FOIA.gov - Freedom of Information Ac

  1. Currently, two of the PATRIOT Act's key provisions are up for reauthorization by Congress. As the deadline draws nearer, it is important to re-engage on the importance of the PATRIOT Act and.
  2. USA Freedom Act. The USA PATRIOT Act (commonly known as the Patriot Act) was an Act of the United States Congress, signed into law by President George W. Bush . USA PATRIOT is a backronym for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism
  3. That downbeat appraisal of the USA Freedom Act should give pause to its celebrants. Drake is a former senior executive of the National Security Agency, and a whistleblower who endured prosecution.
  4. Now that the Senate has passed—and the President has signed—the USA FREEDOM Act, we thought it might be a good idea to recap what exactly the new law does and does not do.. Thanks to efforts by Senators Patrick Leahy and Mike Lee, among others, to defeat proposed amendments to the bill, the version passed by the Senate is the same as that which passed the House a couple weeks back
Indian Country in Judicial Districts — FBI

Text of H.R. 6172 (116th): USA FREEDOM Reauthorization Act ..

The Department of State submits this annual report to the Congress in compliance with section 102 (b) of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-292), as amended. This report covers the period between January 1 and December 31, 2020 HHS Headquarters. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services 200 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20201 Toll Free Call Center: 1-877-696-677

The USA Freedom Act requires the Attorney General to publicly disclose all FISC decisions issued after July 10, 2003 that contain a significant construction or interpretation of law. Under the bill, Internet and telecom companies would be allowed to publicly report an estimate of (1) the number of FISA orders and national security letter 2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 3 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS. 4 (a) SHORT TITLE.—This Act may be cited as the 5 ''USA FREEDOM Reauthorization Act of 2020''. 6 (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—The table of contents for 7 this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents. Sec. 2 passed the USA Freedom Act of 2015, which reauthorizes and reforms key measures of the Patriot Act to effectively end the bulk collection of Americans' phone records. I say pretty good, because while this bill is almost certainly the strongest reform bill to pass either legislativ The USA Freedom Act adopts a single standard for Section 215 and NSL protection to ensure the Administration doesn't use different authorities to support bulk collection. The bill adds a sunset date to NSLs requiring that Congress reauthorize the government's authority thereby ensuring proper congressional review

Supporters of USA FREEDOM Act of 2014 . Updated November 14, 2014 • Access • Advocacy for Principled Action in Government • American Association of Law Libraries • American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) • American Library Association (ALA) • Antiwar.com • Arab American Institut Internet industry. The USA FREEDOM Act, as reintroduced last month, would substantially advance both of those goals, whereas CISA would undermine them. We therefore urge the Senate to swiftly pass the USA FREEDOM Act (S. 2685) without any amendments that would weaken its protections or create any new data retention mandates Freedom of Speech & Press The First Amendment protects individual expression by guaranteeing the freedom of speech. The Supreme Court has broadly interpreted speech to include Internet communication, art, music, clothing, and even symbolic speech, such as flag burning. Freedom of the press generally allows for newspapers, radio Free Press Action Vote Recommendation on USA FREEDOM Reauthorization Act (H.R. 6172) The House is set to consider the USA Freedom Reauthorization Act next week and has the critical opportunity to significantly strengthen the bill by including the Lofgren-Davidson amendment forward from the Act of 1871, as provided in the Act of March 2, 1877, amended and approved March 9, 1878, Revised Statutes of the United States Relating to the District of Columbia. . . 1873-'74 (in force as of December 1, 1873), sec. 2, p. 2); as amended by the Act of June 28, 1935, 49 Stat. 430

Summary of H.R. 2048 (114th): USA FREEDOM Act of 2015 ..

The Freedom of Information Act should be administered with a clear pre-sumption: In the face of doubt, openness prevails. The Government should not keep information confidential merely because public officials might be embarrassed by disclosure, because errors and failures might be revealed, or because of speculative or abstract fears 4. Allow individuals to make inquiries about which records related to them are collected, used or distributed. PA also prohibits disclosure of information about any person, without his (her) written consent, except for certain situations. Download the pdf file from the link below. Download PDF Form, Download Form G-639 November 7, 2019 The USA Freedom Act is a meaningful surveillance reform effort that will aid the rebuilding of the public's trust not only in the technology sector but also in the U.S. government by effectively ending indiscriminate bulk collection and allowing companies to be more transparent about th concerns about the version of the USA FREEDOM Act (H.R. 3661) that passed the House of Representatives in May, and recommending six specific areas for improvement in the Senate bill.1 The version of the USA FREEDOM Act introduced Tuesday is a substantial improvement upon the House-passed bill, and addresses many of our most significant concerns The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) is a federal law that gives the public the right to make requests for federal agency records. Agencies may withhold information according to nine exemptions contained in the statute. The FOIA applies only to federal agencies

The USA Freedom Act: What Is It and How Does It Affect

  1. When the USA Freedom Act was passed in 2015, Chairman Nadler acknowledged that not every reform I would have hoped to enact is included in [the USA Freedom Act]. 1 Disclosures made since passage of the USA Freedom Act suggest that the bill has not succeeded in fully limiting large-scale surveillance under the Patriot Act or achieving its.
  2. The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA): Background, Legislation, and Policy Issues Congressional Research Service Summary The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA; 5 U.S.C. §552) allows any person—individual or corporate, citizen or not—to request and obtain existing, identifiable, and unpublished agency records on any topic
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  4. The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA): An Introduction The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), codified at 5 U.S.C. § 552, provides the public a right to access federal agency information. Subject to statutorily enumerated exemptions and exclusions, agencies must disclose records covered by the act in one of three ways. First, FOIA direct
  5. High-Resolution Declaration Image (1.43 MB) This image is of the actual Declaration of Independence parchment. Download This File Read a Transcript. High-Resolution Declaration Stone Engraving Image (1.88 MB) This image is of the frequently reproduced 1823 engraving by William J. Stone. Download This File
  6. H.R. 6172 - USA FREEDOM Reauthorization Act of 2020. Hearing Information Meeting Information. Text of H.R. 6172 PDF XML. Hearing Documents. Rule PDF. H. Res. 891 PDF XML. H. Rept. 116-415 PDF. Rule Information. COMMITTEE ACTION: REPORTED BY A RECORD VOTE OF 7-4 on Tuesday, March 10, 2020. FLOOR ACTION ON H. RES. 891:.

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA): An Overvie

A person whose religious exercise has been burdened in violation of this section may assert that violation as a claim or defense in a judicial proceeding and obtain appropriate relief against a government.Standing to assert a claim or defense under this section shall be governed by the general rules of standing under article III of the Constitution USA FREEDOM Act amended Section 215 to limit government access to these records. Section 215 sunsets on December 15, 2019 (in addition to two other PATRIOT Act provisions). Allowing a sunset would mean a return to the status quo before the passage of the PATRIOT Act in 2001 USA FREEDOM Act in our 113th Congressional Voting Guide. ITI is the global voice for the tech industry. We are premier advocacy and policy the organization for of the world's leading information and communications technology 60 (ICT) companies developing innovations in fields thatinclude computer hardware an Below is the full text of the Freedom of Information Act in a form showing all amendments to the statute made by the FOIA Improvement Act of 2016. All newly enacted provisions in boldface type replace the strikethrough text. Full Text of the FOIA Improvement Act of 2016 (Public Law No. 114-185) § 552

Congress reauthorizes USA Freedom Act without warrantless

  1. With a 67-32 vote in the Senate this afternoon, Congress finally passed the USA Freedom Act, a surveillance bill being hailed on the Hill as the biggest effort to rein in the intelligence community since the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks. This is historic — the first major overhaul of government surveillance laws in decades, said Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., who championed the legislation
  2. istrative Procedure Act, it replaced 5 USC 522
  3. The USA PATRIOT Act Additional Reauthorizing Amendments Act of 2006 (8pp. | 42.6 KB | PDF) implemented options to enhance protection of civil liberties and to permit challenges to the legality of a records production order issued by the F.B.I., including any accompanying nondisclosure order (an order prohibiting the person receiving the.
  4. Homeland Security Act, Patriot Act, Freedom of Information Act, and HIM - Retired. Editor's note: This update replaces the June 2004 practice brief Homeland Security Act and HIM. After the terrorist attacks in New York City, Pennsylvania, and Washington, DC, on September 11, 2001, the United States Congress enacted the Patriot Act in 2001 and.
  5. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Through the FOIA, Congress made it clear that the public has the right to know what its government is doing, for an informed public is vital to democracy. Under the FOIA, official information is available to any person without regard to need for or interest in the material

Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA), (1993), U.S. legislation that originally prohibited the federal government and the states from substantially burden[ing] a person's exercise of religion unless application of the burdenis in furtherance of a compelling governmental interest and is the least restrictive means of furthering thatinterest USA Freedom Act. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee. William J. Clinton, XLII President of the United States: 1993-2001, Statement on Signing the Antiterrorism and Effective Death. the USA PATRIOT Act of 2001, was enacted as a response to the terrorist acts of September 11, 2001, and may potentially violate the civil liberties and protections granted to individuals by the Fourth Amendment. 23 A. The Fourth Amendment The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution 2 The Freedom of Information Act 5 U.S.C. § 552, As Amended By Public Law No. 104-231, 110 Stat. 3048 Below is the full text of the Freedom of Information Act in a form showing all amendments to the statute made by the Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments of 1996. All newly enacted provisions are in boldface type. § 552

H.R. 6172 - USA Freedom Reauthorization Ac

Wales Investigation Flyer — FBI

USA Freedom Act: What's in, what's out - Washington Pos

Requirements Companion Document v5-8_20190601/pdf — FBI

A Comparative Analysis of the USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 to

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