Congenital anomalies of gastrointestinal tract

Late Presentation of a Congenital Intrinsic Duodenal

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A wide spectrum of congenital anomalies may affect the upper gastrointestinal tract, including anomalies of the esophagus (eg, atresia, fistulas, webs, duplications, vascular rings), stomach (eg, congenital gastric outlet obstruction, duplications), and duodenum (eg, atresia, annular pancreas, duplications, malrotation) Congenital Anomalies of the Digestive System. minus. Related Pages. Oesophageal Atresia/Tracheo-Oesophageal Fistula. Large Intestinal Atresia/Stenosis. Anorectal Atresia/Stenosis. Page last reviewed: March 31, 2021. Content source: Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, NCBDDD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract usually manifest shortly after birth, but on occasion symptoms may be delayed for months or even years Congenital Malformations of the Digestive Tract Occasionally, babies can be born with defects along their digestive tract. Most commonly, these defects are undeveloped or incorrectly positioned organs that prevent the digestive system from functioning. While these conditions are rare, they're also serious and usually require surgery congenital malformations of the digestive system oesophageal atresia/tracheo-oesophageal fistula (q39.0-q39.2) Oesophageal (esophageal) atresia is a congenital malformation characterized by the oesophagus ending in a blind pouch that does not connect to the stomach (see Fig. 4.28) By 15 to 20 weeks' gestation, the fetal gut essentially resembles that of the newborn. 1 An overview of these basic processes, especially pertaining to the GI tract, is presented in Table 8.2. The pattern of congenital anomalies of the GI tract varies depending on the developmental period from which they arise

Congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract are a significant cause of morbidity in children and, less frequently, in adults Congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract represent a group of phenotypically and etiologically diverse developmental defects that may result from a single gene disorder, a chromosomal abnormality, a complex polygenic disorder, or gestational exposure to environmental risk factors (Zwink et al. 2011

Most common congenital esophageal anomaly (~1/4500 live births) Usually with atresia 90% esophagus ends in blind pouch Often associated with congenital heart defect, sometimes trisomy 21, 18, or partial 13 or vacterl (vertebral anomalie, anal atresia, cardiac abnormalities, te-fistula and/or esophageal atresia Baby presents with food regurgition, salivation, cyanosis, and aspiratio Of these, 12.4% were confirmed to have congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract; male/female ratio of 1.7:1. The total number of live births by Saudi mothers in Aseer region during the period was 128,093, giving an incidence rate of 1.3 per 1000 live births. The 172 newborns presented with 174 anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract Congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract are a significant cause of morbidity in children and, less frequently, in adults. These abnormalities include developmental obstructive defects of the small intestine, anomalies of the colon, anomalies of rotation and fixation, anorectal anomalies, and intestinal duplications

Congenital Anomalies of the Gastrointestinal Tract

  1. Congenital anomalies of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract 1.Oesophagus: Oesophageal Atresia and Tracheo-oesophageal Fistula (TOF): (Fig 1) on page 50 (fig 2) on page 51 It is characterised by incomplete formation of oesophagus or an abnormal communication between the oesophagus and the trachea. This is thought t
  2. Congenital gastrointestinal anomalies 1. DEVELOPMENTAL ANOMALIES OF GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT DR. DEV LAKHERA 2. Classification of developmental anomalies of GIT STRUCTURAL EMBRYOLOGICAL MALDEVELOPMENT Malrotation Oesophageal/ pyloric/ duodenal/ anorectal atresia Duplication cystIN UTERO (ISCHEMIC) COMPLICATIONS FUNCTIONAL • Meconium plug syndrome • -intestinal hypoperistalsis BOTH • Midgut.
  3. or to serious and can occur anywhere from the esophagus to the anus

The gastrointestinal tract may be subject to a variety of congenital abnormalities (i.e. those present at birth) that arise during embryological development. Many of these abnormalities are associated with other congenital anomalies. Clinically, most present soon after birth with symptoms of intestinal obstruction or of associated anomalies ESOPHAGEAL ATRESIA and TEF • Esophageal atresia is the M/C congenital anomaly of esophagus • >90 % have associated TEF • Most common type - upper esophagus ending in a blind pouch and TEF connected to distal esophagus 12 Congenital malformations and deformations of digestive system. Upper GI tract. Tongue, mouth and pharynx. Cleft lip and palate. Van der Woude syndrome. tongue. Ankyloglossia. Macroglossia. Hypoglossia Aided in part by the National Institutes of Health Grant A-3670, United States Public Health Service. Babies Hospital, 3975 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 1003

Congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract

Congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract are a significant cause of morbidity in children and less frequently in adults. In rare cases, they may run undetected during childhood and may present during adolescence. These abnormalities include developmental obstructive defects of the duodenum and the small intestine, anomalies of rotation and fixation, intestinal duplications, and. Other anomalies, such as imperforate anus, duplications of portions of the gastrointestinal tract, congenital bands and errors of rotation with volvulus, are amenable to successful surgical.

Overview of Congenital Gastrointestinal Anomalies

  1. Pathology, Congenital Anomalies of the Gastrointestinal System. the esophagus do not communicate. The upper segment of the esophagus is a dilated blind ending. pouch . The distal esophageal portion is an atretic pouch. regurgitation of food after attempted feedings. through the fistula
  2. We also describe important congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract; an understanding of these anomalies helps reinforce knowledge of the normal embryology. We believe this comprehensive review of gastrointestinal embryology and comparative anatomy will enable medical students to better understand gut development and adaptations to.
  3. 1. Introduction. Congenital web of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a rare anomaly causing GI obstruction in children and infants. It may develop at any site of the GI tract, but is most commonly found in the stomach and small intestine. 1 Gastric membrane is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction. Its symptoms can be seen in any age group, depending on the degree of obstruction caused.
  4. al defects. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of the embryo-fetal gastrointestinal malformations diagnosed a
  5. Background In contrast with other malformations, congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract have been scarcely investigated.. Methods The prevalence of gastrointestinal malformations with special reference to associated disorders and intrauterine growth was retrospectively analyzed in the newborn infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Department of Pediatrics.
  6. Congenital anomalies of bowel consist mainly of diverticulae or atresias which are often in association with other congenital anomalies. Seen here is the most common congenital anomaly of the GI tract--a Meckel's diverticulum. Remember the number 2: about 2% of people have them; they are usually located 2 feet from the ileocecal valve
  7. Intestinal duplications are uncommon, occurring in just 1 in 4500 live births. Males appear to be more commonly affected. About one third of affected children have associated congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal or urinary tract. Colonic duplication is often associated with anomalies of the urogenital system. Vertebral defects are also.

Gastrointestinal anomalies include malrotation, anorectal atresia, duodenal atresia, and annular pancreas. 48 In Down syndrome, the combination of esophageal and duodenal atresia has been reported. 49 - 53. The VACTERL association typically presents with several anomalies, including TEF (see section on VACTERL in Chapter 20). 5 This article reviews the common congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract including obstructive lesions, anomalies of rotation and fixation, anorectal anomalies, and intestinal duplications. The plain radiograph is often diagnostic in neonates with complete gastric of upper intestinal obstruction and further radiologic evaluation may.

Lymphangiectasia is a malformation of the intestinal lymphatic system that results in a protein-losing enteropathy that may be congenital or acquired, with a 50% incidence in Norwegian Lundehunds in the USA. Other affected breeds include Yorkshire Terriers, Maltese, Rottweilers, and Shar-Pei. Lymph vessels become dilated, secreting lymph into the intestines, which results in hypoproteinemia. Secondary megaesophagus may develop in association with hypoadrenocorticism, neoplasia, or GI or neuromuscular disorders (see Paraneoplastic Disorders of the Nervous System). Vascular ring anomalies occur due to errors in development of the third, fourth, or sixth aortic arch and result in entrapment of the thoracic esophagus and trachea, which. Regulates gastrointestinal tract: motility, secretion and blood flow. esophageal - (oesophageal) esophageal atresia - (oesophageal atresia, atresia of oesophagus) group of congenital anomalies with an interruption in the continuity of the oesophagus, with or without persistent communication with the trachea. (More • Congenital Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis is the most common congenital anomaly of the stomach and occurs in 1-8:1000 live births with a 4-6:1 M:F ratio • Pyloric stenosis is a multifactorial and progressive disease that classically presents with non-bilious projectile vomiting in the first few weeks of lif

Gastrointestinal Congenital Anomalies Children's

The clinical evaluation of various gastrointestinal symptoms (abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, bowel obstruction) in children and adults is found in separate topic reviews. General considerations for the management of other congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract are reviewed elsewhere Other anomalies of the esophagus and trachea are even more rare. These two problems are not thought to be inherited. Up to one-half of all babies with TEF or esophageal atresia have another birth defect, such as: trisomy 13, 18, or 21; other digestive tract problems (such as diaphragmatic hernia, duodenal atresia or imperforate anus [Prevalence of selected congenital anomalies in the Czech Republic: congenital anomalies of the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract]. [Article in Czech] Šípek A, Gregor V, Horáček J, Šípek A Jr, Klaschka J, Malý M. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the prevalence of selected congenital anomalies in the Czech Republic in 1994-2009

BGDB Gastrointestinal - Abnormalities - Embryology

  1. Congenital Digestive System Anomalies Bioinformatics Tool Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Congenital Digestive System Anomalies below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide
  2. After watching the playlist, you should be able to understand the causes, explain the clinical presentation, and identify images of common congenital anomali..
  3. CONGENITAL LESIONS Duplication Cyst Duplication cysts of the GI tract are rare congenital anomalies that most commonly affects the ileum, followed by the esophagus, large bowel, and jejunum (1, 2). Duplication cysts of the stomach (Fig. 1) and duodenum (Fig. 2) are uncommon, Jongmee Lee, MD 1 Cheol Min Park, MD 1 Kyeong Ah Kim, MD 1 Chang Hee.
  4. al distention and nonbilious vomiting
  5. Definitions VII Classification - Groups Q00-Q07 Congenital malformations of the nervous system Q10-Q18 Congenital malformations of eye, ear, face and neck Q20-Q28 Congenital malformations of the circulatory system Q30-Q34 Congenital malformations of the respiratory system Q35-Q37 Cleft lip and cleft palate Q38-Q45 Other congenital malformations of the digestive syste

Gastric duplication cysts are rare congenital foregut duplication cysts affecting the stomach.Gastrointestinal tract duplication cysts (GTDCs) most commonly affect the ileum, followed by the esophagus, large bowel, and jejunum; gastric location accounts for less than 10% of all gastrointestinal duplications Congenital hepatic cysts or congenital hepatic fibrosis is seen in both Persian and Persian-cross cats as an autosomal dominant trait and in the Swiss Freiberger horse (also called the Franches-Montagnes horse) as an autosomal recessive trait that can be traced back to one stallion. Both are features of a larger, polycystic organ syndrome that. Genito-urinary system (GUS) anomalies constitute an important and relatively common subset of fetal anomalies encountered in routine antenatal practice, comprising approximately 30-50% of all malformations detected on prenatal scans or at birth [1, 2].They exhibit a wide range of severity ranging from simple pyelectasis to conditions incompatible with life such as bilateral renal agenesis

Congenital Anomalies of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract

  1. Other Disorders of Gastrointestinal System. 5710. Chronic Liver Disease. 5780. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage. 5793. Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS) 5799. Need for supplemental daily enteral feeding via a gastrostomy. 7500. Congenital Anomalies of Upper Alimentary Tract. Genitourinary System (06) 5810. Nephrotic Syndrome. 5830. Complications of Chronic.
  2. Congenital abnormalities of the reproductive tract occur in a few percent of the female population, and may affect: The External Genitals. This includes a swollen clitoris or fused labia (when the folds of tissue around the opening of the vagina are joined together)
  3. Symptoms of gastrointestinal malrotation in the neonate typically include either bilious emesis or other clinical and radiographic evidence of high-grade small-bowel obstruction. 2 Concurrent congenital anomalies have been reported in up to 42% of patients with gastrointestinal malrotation, with the most common being duodenal webs/atresia (11%.
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Congenital Anomalies of the Digestive System NCBDDD CD

Description. Congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) is a group of abnormalities affecting the kidneys or other structures of the urinary tract. The additional parts of the urinary tract that may be affected include the bladder, the tubes that carry urine from each kidney to the bladder (the ureters), and the tube that carries. Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract. Semin Roentgenol 2004; 39:263. Farhataziz N, Engels JE, Ramus RM, et al. Fetal MRI of urine and meconium by gestational age for the diagnosis of genitourinary and gastrointestinal abnormalities Anomalies of intestinal fixation. ICD-9-CM 751.4 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 751.4 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. For claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, use an equivalent ICD-10-CM code (or.

Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract

Congenital anomalies (CAs) are structural, functional, or metabolic anomalies that originate during intrauterine life and can interfere with the body functions. In Egypt, the prevalence of CAs is increasing. The study aimed to estimate the frequency, describe the types, and identify the possible risk factors of CAs among infants attending the Pediatric University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt ICD-9-CM 751.8 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 751.8 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. For claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, use an equivalent ICD-10-CM code (or codes). Eustachian tube 744.24 Pediatrics and Neonatology (2012-02-01) . Congenital Webs of the Gastrointestinal Tract: 20 Years of Experience From a Pediatric Care Teaching Hospital in Taiwa From the mesoderm arise the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal tract, the connective tissues, and their associated blood vessels. Blood cells and their progenitors, striated muscle, bone, cartilage, and the reproductive and genitourinary tract are also mesodermal in origin. The ectoderm is the source of the epidermis and the nervous system Accurate and timely identification of congenital anomalies often makes the difference between an infant's survival and death. Such respiratory system defects also illustrate how physicians must carefully choose among many diagnostic modalities available to most effectively and appropriately arrive at a diagnosis and treatment plan

Congenital Malformations of the Digestive Tract

Hernias between the abdominal and thoracic cavities that involve the diaphragm are of several types and can be congenital or acquired (traumatic) in origin. Congenital pleuroperitoneal hernias have been described in small animals, horses, and calves. In horses, a specific type of hernia, a retrosternal or Morgani hernia, has been described in. Congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract regardless of GA or BW; Screening direct bilirubin prior to the initiation of parenteral nutrition <2mg/dL. Exclusion Criteria: Infants with major congenital anomalies, other than those of the gastrointestinal tract. Infants with known obstruction of the hepatobiliary tract

4.7 Congenital Malformations of the Digestive System - CD

The gastrointestinal tract begins its development early in the 3rd and 4th weeks, as longitudinal and lateral folding of the embryo results in incorporation of the dorsal part of the yolk sac. As this occurs, the endoderm germ cell layer is incorporated into the embryo and forms the primordial (primitive) gut tube ( Fig. 14-1 ) Obstructive Gastrointestinal Lesions and Hyperechogenic Bowel. Duodenal atresia results from failure of recanalization of the upper gastrointestinal tract at 8 weeks' gestation. It may be associated with Down syndrome and other anomalies involving the gastrointestinal. cardiac, and renal systems This cohort study describes the evolution of resting energy expenditure (REE), respiratory quotient (RQ), and adiposity in infants recovering from corrective surgery of major congenital gastrointestinal tract anomalies. Energy and macronutrient intakes were assessed. The REE and RQ were assessed by indirect calorimetry, and fat mass index (FMI) was assessed by air displacement plethysmography

Introduction Congenital anomalies are the fifth leading cause of death in children <5 years of age globally, contributing an estimated half a million deaths per year. Very limited literature exists from low and middle income countries (LMICs) where most of these deaths occur. The Global PaedSurg Research Collaboration aims to undertake the first multicentre, international, prospective cohort. 87. Congenital Malformations of The Digestive System: Foregut Malformations. Eventration of the abdominal viscera or congenital umbilical hernia (type of omphalocele) is due to faulty closure of the lateral body folds during week 4 of embryonic lif The abdominal viscera develop outside the embryo in a sac of amnion. ANOMALIES OF. Congenital diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal tract in children areincreasingly compatible with survival into adulthood. Liver and intestinal transplantation have largely contributed to improved outcomes but come with their share of problems and co-morbidities affecting both longevity and quality of life

Congenital and Developmental Disorders of the

  1. Malhotra et al: Congenital anomalies IJMDS www.ijmds.org January 2015; 4(1) 579 Table 1: Distribution of Congenital Anomalies according to System Type of anomaly No of Patients Percentage GASTROINTESTINAL ANNULA PANCREAS WITH DUODENAL ATRESIA 1 1.69% ARM WITH TOF 1 1.69% DUODENAL ATRESIA 1 1.69% HIRSHSPRUNG 4 7.00
  2. Congenital Defects of the Gastrointestinal (GI) System include: atresia or blockages of various areas along the intestinal tract. This condition is uncommon in foals and it is not related to the Lethal White Disease
  3. al Imaging • Pictorial Essay Congenital Anomalies and Normal Variants of the Pancreaticobiliary Tract and the Pancreas in Adults: Part 2, Pancreatic Duct and Pancreas Jinxing Yu1 Mary Ann Turner Ann S. Fulcher Robert A. Halvorsen Yu J, Turner MA, Fulcher AS, Halvorsen R
  4. Gastrointestinal Disorders (1) Jillian Sullivan, MD MSCS - Congenital heart disease • Presentation:** usually bilious emesis within first few evaluate for associated anomalies, surgery (duodenoduodenostomy) 34 double bubble sign. Malrotation** • Definition: abnormal intestinal rotation and fixation • Occurs in ~ 1-2% of.
  5. The bulge is congenital (present at birth) and is a leftover of the umbilical cord. Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital defect of the gastrointestinal tract. It occurs in about 2% to 3% of the general population
  6. If there is a blockade early in the GI tract, then less fluid will be absorbed and the balance between absorption and excretion of fluid lost. Too much amniotic fluid can have adverse consequences for lung development and can cause compressive malformations as well (see Congenital Malformations chapter). B. Congenital Anomalies of the Diaphrag
  7. al wall defects, kidney and urinary tract defects, and esophageal, gastrointestinal, and anorectal abnormalities

Congenital Anomalies of the Small Intestine, Colon, and Rectu

renal and urinary tract anomalies in children with and without congenital hypothyroidism and to determine whether renal ultrasound scanning would be beneficial in management of children with congenital hypothyroidism. METHODS Prevalence data for congenital hypothyroidism and congenital anomalies was obtained from the New York State Department. Congenital anatomic anomalies of the genitourinary tract are more common than those of any other organ system. Urinary tract anomalies predispose patients to many complications, including urinary tract infection, obstruction, stasis, calculus formation, and impaired renal function. Congenital urinary tract anomalies discussed here are providing connections to comparative digestive anatomy. The evolutionary history of the gut tube puts the modern anatomy and development into context, and enriches the medical student knowledge of digestive adaptations by relating structure to function. We also describe important congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract

Test Congenital Anomalies of the Gastrointestinal Tract

The most common serious congenital disorders are congenital heart defects, neural tube defects and Down syndrome. Haemoglobinophathies (including thalassaemia and sickle-cell disease) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, which are not covered by the ICD-10 definition of congenital anomalies, account for 6% of all congenital. The Center for Congenital Anomalies of the Reproductive Tract at Boston Children's Hospital treats congenital anomalies of the hymen. The hymen is an area of tissue that represents the opening to the vagina. The hymenal tissue is a ring-like form of tissue which has a hole within the center, present at birth. Different hymens Congenital digestive malformations is a common malformation in children. The rate of gastrointestinal tract abnormalities accounts for 15 % of all congenital malformations. Polyhydramnios has a predictive value of 76.4% for fetal anomalies

anomalies of gastrointestinal tract (p=0,031). Maternal age, diabetes mellitus, socioeconomic status and prematurity was not associated to congenital anomalies of gastrointestinal tract in neonates. Conclusion: Intrauterine infection is an associated factor to congenital anomalies of gastrointestinal tract in neonates gastrointestinal tract congenital NEC NEC Not elsewhere classifiable This abbreviation in the index represents other specified when a specific code is not available for a condition the index directs the coder to the other specified code in the tabular. 751.

Congenital urological anomalies (abnormalities) are birth defects involving the urological and genital systems (or genitourinary system). Congenital means they occur during fetal development or very early in infancy. These urinary tract defects can involve different parts of the genitourinary system as well as other organ systems Grigoris F. Grimbizis, Stephan Gordts, Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Sara Brucker, Carlo De Angelis, Marco Gergolet, Tin-Chiu Li, Vasilios Tanos, Hans Brölmann, Luca Gianaroli, Rudi Campo, The ESHRE/ESGE consensus on the classification of female genital tract congenital anomalies Human Reproduction, Volume 28, Issue 8, August 2013, Pages 2032. EMBRYOLOGY OF THE LIVER AND BILIARY TRACT. The human liver is formed from two primordia (): the liver diverticulum and the septum transversum. 1 Proximity of cardiac mesoderm, which expresses fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) 1, 2, and 8, and bone morphogenetic proteins cause the foregut endoderm to develop into the liver. 2 Surrounding mesoderm and ectoderm participate in the hepatic. limited research and a lack of congenital anomaly regis-tries in LMICs, and hence they have received very little global attention.5 The conditions forming the focus of this study (box 1) constitute a selection of the most common life-threat-ening congenital anomalies during the neonatal period, which involve the gastrointestinal tract Gastrointestinal tract congenital anomalies NOS 287084005 removed: 2010-01-31 GIT congenital anomaly 275261001 removed: 2004-07-31 Hereditary splenic hypoplasia 30296100

[Full text] Congenital vascular anomalies: currentCongenital anomalies of respiratory system A RadiologicalGastrointestinal Tract - Pancreas Development - Embryology

Overview of Gastrointestinal Parasitism Treatment of Infectious Diseases Control of Infectious Diseases. Noninfectious Diseases. Principles of Therapy. Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Digestive System. Dental Development. Dentistry. Pharyngeal Paralysi Congenital anomalies (birth defects) can be defined as structural or functional anomalies (e.g. metabolic disorders) that occur during intrauterine life and can be identified prenatally, at birth or later in life.Congenital anomalies are also known as birth defects, congenital disorders or congenital malformations. Congenital anomalies are the major cause of new born deaths within four weeks. Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urogenital system range from mild, asymptomatic malformations to severe, life-threatening pathologies and complex ethical dilemmas. Many congenital abnormalities are part of a syndrome whose impact extends beyond the urogenital system - for example, there are some congenital urological abnormalities. Congenital anomalies are important causes of infant and childhood deaths, chronic illness and disability. Through the resolution on birth defects of the Sixty-third World Health Assembly (2010), Member States agreed to promote primary prevention and improve the health of children with congenital anomalies by congenital or chromosome abnormalities • Herniation of viscera through umbilicus • no covering membranes; viscera bathed directly in amniotic fluid. • less commonly associated with other anomalies Omphalocoele Gastroschisis. The Hindgut 26 days: After formation of the tail Gastrointestinal Tract. Congenital anomalies of the digestive system can cause intestinal obstruction, difficulties in feeding, vomiting and in some cases early death. The treatment of these congenital anomalies is usually surgical. Malformations of other organ systems are associated with congenital malformations of the gastrointestinal system